Social Protection

Indonesia Female Workers Need Protection, Says WIEGO Jakarta Post . (15 November 2014)
By Muryanto, Bambang.

The majority of workers in developing countries, such as Indonesia, work in the informal sector, mostly women who have yet to receive their proper rights, says an international female rights activist. 

Rockefeller Health Prototype Meeting

November 5, 2014 - November 6, 2014

Bangkok, Thailand

Pakistan HBWs demand quota in health insurance schemes, legislation Daily Times . (30 October 2014)

Home-based workers (HBWs) have demanded quota in government’s health insurance schemes besides calling for making legislation to treat them as workers. They also called for giving women representation in every sector.

National Meeting on Technological Routes for Social Inclusion

September 16, 2014 - September 18, 2014

National Meeting on Technological Routes for Social Inclusion runs from September 16 - 18, 2014 in Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

Presentación de los resultados de la caracterización socioeconómica y de salud de las y los recicladores de base en Nicaragua

October 8, 2014 - October 10, 2014

Hotel Seminole, Managua, Nicaragua

10 de octubre de 2014

 

“Los US$46 millones que genera el reciclaje al país no lo mueven las empresas, sino los recicladores. Nosotros andamos en la calle a través de la cooperativa. Somos promotores del medioambiente con el trabajo que hacemos” (REDNICA).

Los recicladores de base, también conocidos como “churequeros” o “pepenadores”, realizan una importante labor para preservar el medio ambiente, para la economía del país, y para embellecer las ciudades. Sin embargo, a pesar de estas contribuciones, las condiciones socioeconómicas y de salud de esta población en Nicaragua se encuentran por debajo de la norma y estas personas continúan enfrentando discriminación y falta de acceso a servicios básicos y de formación educativa que les permita profesionalizar su ocupación y disminuir los riesgos ocupacionales. 

Éstos son algunos de los hallazgos del estudio realizado durante un año en los principales vertederos de basura de las ciudades cabeceras departamentales en Nicaragua por la Red de emprendedores Nicaragüenses del Reciclaje (REDNICA), Mujeres en Empleo Informal: Globalizando y Organizando (WIEGO) y la Universidad Centroamericana (UCA). El reporte de la investigación será presentado en Managua a un público formado por diputados, empresarios y miembros de otras organizaciones involucradas en el reciclaje.

Este estudio, único en Nicaragua, ofrece información sobre las condiciones socioeconómicas y de salud de los recicladores de base, así como una serie de recomendaciones de política para dotar a esta población con el reconocimiento que merecen como gestores ambientales y como actores en la base de la cadena del reciclaje, la cual le trae al país ingresos de aproximadamente US$46 millones en concepto de exportaciones de materiales reciclables. Esperamos que esta información también enriquezca las acciones de la Alianza por un Reciclaje Inclusivo  y que sea considerada por las entidades que actualmente están discutiendo el Dictamen de la Ley Especial de Gestión Integral de Residuos Sólidos Peligrosos y no Peligrosos y las que se encuentran a cargo de la formulación de políticas públicas en torno al manejo de residuos sólidos en Nicaragua.

Los invitamos a leer el estudio en su forma completa o en su forma resumida

Conozca de cerca a los recicladores de Nicaragua y vea cómo se dio el proceso de investigación en este video, Población recicladora en Nicaragua: Una fuerza productiva y ambiental.

La REDNICA es una organización registrada y representativa de recicladores de base.

Kenya The Deadly Occupation Attracting Kenya’s Youth IPS News . (6 August 2014)
By Kibet, Robert.

His job is a complex and arduous one that involves him working in deep pits, equipped only with a shovel, crowbar and no protective gear, as he mines sand. It’s also a deadly occupation.

Stakeholders working to improve conditions in the informal sector have advised the government and city authorities to institute pragmatic steps to standardize informal trading and protect the traders from occupational and health hazards.

Jain, Kalpana. 2013-06-01T00:00:00.  Health Financing and Delivery in India: An Overview of Selected Schemes.  WIEGO Working Paper (Social Protection) No. 29,

Workshop on Public-Private Partnerships for Global Health & Safety

July 29, 2014 - July 30, 2014

Approaches to UHC & OHS for the Informal Workforce in Developing Countries
Institute of Medicine, Washington DC

WIEGO presenters:

WIEGO and its partners from SEWA, HomeNet Thailand and the Federal University of Bahia attended the Institute of Medicine’s workshop on “Approaches to UHC & OHS for the Informal Workforce in Developing Countries.” The Institute is one of the National Academies of Science in the USA, and influential policy-focused NGO. This workshop was the first one to be held under the auspices of the IOM’s new Forum on Public-Private Partnerships for Global Health & Safety. The aim of the workshop was to examine approaches, successes and challenges in extending universal health coverage (UHC) and occupational health and safety (OHS) to informal workers in five countries: Brazil, Ghana, India, South Africa and Thailand, and to think further about how the PPP Forum could support these efforts. WIEGO’s international coordinator, Marty Chen, was a member of the workshop’s Planning Committee.

Presentations at the workshop from WIEGO and its partners included a keynote address by SEWA’s Director of Social Security and member of India’s High Level Expert Group on Universal Health Coverage, Mirai Chatterjee. She detailed the plans for India’s move towards UHC. Marty Chen provided important background information on the size and shape of the global informal economy, and the challenges this presents to mainstream principles and regulation of OHS. Francie Lund, WIEGO’s Social Protection Director spoke about the five year, five country OHS project. Partners in the project gave country presentations: Vilma Santana of the Institute for Collective Health at the Federal University of Bahia gave an overview of Brazil’s integration of worker’s health into the national health system.

Mirai Chatterjee, Poonsap Tulaphan of HomeNet Thailand and Laura Alfers of WIEGO gave presentations on some of the practical interventions that have been made in India, Thailand, Ghana and South Africa to extending general and occupational health services to informal workers.

Some of the key ideas that emerged from the workshop included the fact that the private sector should not be solely defined as businesses, but should also include non-governmental organizations and other social partners who could help to make health care more accessible to informal workers. It was, however, also stressed that businesses should play an important role in extending health services beyond their formal employees, to those who produce for them as informal workers, and to the wider communities in which they operate. Derek Yach of the Vitality Institute provided four reasons why this is important for companies: i) brand reputation and to avoid naming and shaming, particularly if suppliers work informally; ii) an investment in the future workforce; iii) an investment in the consumer base as informal workers are also consumers, and iv) “reverse innovation” at the bottom of the pyramid. WIEGO stressed that informal workers need a holistic model of healthcare, one which incorporates prevention as well as curative care, and this was why occupational health should be seen as an important aspect of universal health coverage. The workshop was held in a spirit of dialogue and cooperation, with strong consensus about the need for far better health-related statistics, and quantitative and qualitative research, about the informal workforce. Contentious “elephants in the room” were the different interpretations of what ‘universal health coverage’ actually means; the fact that private sector insurance for the working poor is not easily compatible with preventive health services; and that the extension of health services to informal workers was not only a matter of resources, but also of political will, and that the current dominant economic model of growth-oriented capitalism has done much to undermine the livelihoods and health of informal workers.

Mirai Chatterjee on the closing panel noted that:

  • the informal economy had become more visible through this workshop
  • there were areas where the private sector could concretely assist informal workers organisations; by giving support for the development of low cost tools and work processes; help with labour intensive training in body literacy; explore how to work together on a model for diagnostic camps
  • WIEGO and its allies such as SEWA could learn from corporations who have been really innovative in the extension of general and occupational health services

Finally, she suggested that perhaps experiences from the Global South could have some lessons for the Global North as well. With regard to future collaboration with the IOM and its partners, Mirai suggested it could be constructive to have a separate convened meeting with a narrower focus on occupational health and safety, and that it might be good to convene forums in regions in which the IOM is active, such as India.

The workshop was considered highly successful, something that was attributed to the diversity of voices in the room – broader than that to which the IOM is usually accustomed. In addition to the informal worker organizations, these included large multinationals, government representatives, non-governmental organizations, including faith-based organisations, academics and international organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO), the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the regional Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO).

Bitran, Ricardo. .  Universal health coverage and the challenge of informal employment : lessons from developing countries.  The World Bank.
Syndicate content