Focal Cities: Activities and Outcomes in Accra

Ghana - NHIS Registration Day

Dorcas Ansah has coordinated WIEGO’s efforts for five years across several sectors of informal workers in Accra.

New Knowledge

First, research was done to develop knowledge on the urban informal economy. It was learned that among the 17 decentralized departments, there is no single department that is responsible for the informal economy.

Through WIEGO’s Informal Economy Budget Analysis, it was found informal workers generate over 70 per cent of the city’s revenue, yet the city was spending almost nothing from its budget on informal workers. Through advocacy, this improved. Accra Metro’s expenditures relating to informal street vendors rose from 0.9 per cent in 2012 to 5 per cent in 2013; in 2014 it was 4.3 per cent.

Mapping in collaboration with People’s Dialogue

  • 29 formal and 37 informal markets mapped (out of which six are profiled)
  • 16 hawking streets mapped

The Informal Economy Monitoring Study (Street Vendors)

  • 88% of IEMS respondents rely on informal work as the main source of income for the household.
  • Average turnover of non-Central vendors is 41% that of Central vendors, with men having higher earnings overall.

Read the Accra report on Street Vendors.

Improved Capacities

Efforts were also made to build the advocacy capacity of informal workers’ membership-based organizations (MBOs), and to help them access to the right people and demand accountability from authorities. Areas in which capacity was built:

  • Advocacy
  • Communications
  • Regulatory and legal frameworks
  • Occupational health & safety
  • Accessing social protection schemes
  • Conflict resolution

Fruitful Dialogue and Policy Influence


  • Ministry of Gender and Social Protection
  • Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development
  • Accra Metropolitan Assembly
  • National Health Insurance Authority

Notable Gains